Physical fitness refers to the capability of your body’s various systems that allow you to be healthy and perform the tasks of daily living. Proper physical fitness allows you to perform daily activities efficiently. A fit person has the capacity to remain healthy while performing work, be it physical work or studies and to meet the obligations and demands of their lives. But also, fitness refers to our bodies operating at peak efficiency, which allows us to have the strength, flexibility, and energy to enjoy sports, leisure activities, and meet physical challenges. A person with a good level of physical fitness can more easily respond effectively to normal life situations, such as mowing the law, moving furniture, and exercising without much difficulty. This allows them to respond effectively in emergency situations to help a friend in stress or by running to get help.
Becoming physically fit requires you to embrace healthy lifestyles, take actions appropriate to your current limitations, and remain active. But exercise is only one aspect of physically fit. It also means putting the right substance in your body and giving it what it needs to recover. So, nutrition and rest both play vital roles. What you put into your body is just as important as what you get out of it. Just as having the strength and endurance are necessary to perform at our peak, proper nourishment is essential to fueling the demands of our body. So, it’s safe to say that the practice of physical fitness concerns itself with everything our body needs to perform physically, including all of those things that assure physical health.
Physical Fitness: One of the Five Dimensions of Fitness
Proper physical fitness, like the other dimensions of fitness, is one requirement of living the best possible life. Your physical fitness may primarily refer to your overall physical health, but it’s deeply connected to the other areas. In fact, exercise has been shown to have a profound impact on our mental health, just as a poor emotional state can affect the ability to physically perform. That said, the mindset that one must need to perform in the gym can actually improve the way one feels emotionally. When you exercise your body releases endorphins that produce a feeling of overall well-being. But the converse is true, the emotion of fear can actually, at least temporarily, release another compound, called adrenaline, that allows you to perform beyond your normal physical abilities.
Physical fitness is made up of 11 parts – 6 of them health-related and 5 skill related. All of the parts are important to good performance in physical activity, including sports. But the 6 are referred to as contributing to health-related physical fitness because scientists in kinesiology have shown that they can reduce your risk of chronic disease and promote good health and wellness. These parts of fitness are body composition, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, muscular endurance, power, and strength. They also help you function effectively in daily activities.
As the name implies, skill-related physical fitness components help you perform well in sports and other activities that require motor skills. For example, speed helps you in sports such as track and field. These 5 parts of physical fitness are also linked to health but less so than the health-related components. For example, among older adults, balance, agility, and coordination are very important for preventing falls (a major health concern), and reaction time relate to risk for automobile accidents. Each part of physical fitness is described in more detail in the two following features: The Six Parts of Health-Related Fitness and The Five Parts of Skill-Related Fitness.
Results of Physical Fitness:
|Endurance, or aerobic||activities increase your breathing and heart rate. They keep your heart, lungs, and circulatory system healthy and improve your overall fitness. Examples include brisk walking, jogging, swimming, and biking.|
|Strength, or resistance training,||exercises make your muscles stronger. Some examples are lifting weights and using a resistance band.|
|Balance||exercises can make it easier to walk on uneven surfaces and help prevent falls. To improve your balance, try tai chi or exercises like standing on one leg.|
|Flexibility||exercises stretch your muscles and can help your body stay limber. Yoga and doing various stretches can make you more flexible.|